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CLEO®/Europe 2013 Topic Descriptions
IQEC 2013 Topic Descriptions
CLEO®/Europe 2013 Tech Focus with LIM

Click here to obtain the updated topic chairs' descriptions done at the TPC.

CLEO®/Europe 2013 Topic Descriptions


CA - Solid-state Lasers
Chair: David Burns, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Advances in solid-state lasers: novel solid-state lasers and amplifiers; high-power and high-energy lasers; power-scalable laser architectures, solid-state micro-chip and nanolasers; random lasers; pulse generation; short wavelength lasers; mid-infrared lasers; tunable lasers; intracavity wavelength conversion; upconversion lasers; thermal effects and their mitigation, beam quality characterisation; linewidth reduction and wavelength tuning techniques; amplitude and frequency stability; novel pump sources and pumping configurations; laser resonator design; spectroscopic characterisation of solid-state gain media; advanced laser crystals and glasses; laser characterisation and modelling, novel solid-state lasers for system applications.

CB - Semiconductor Lasers
Chair: Guido Giuliani, Università di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

New technology, devices and applications; semiconductor optical amplifiers; modelling of semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers; novel characterization techniques; vertical (extended) cavity surface emitting lasers; optically-pumped semiconductor lasers, photonic crystal semiconductor lasers, micro-cavity lasers; quantum dot/dash lasers; semiconductor ring lasers; short wavelength lasers: blue and green; near-infrared long wavelength lasers; mid-infrared and far-infrared semiconductor lasers: quantum cascade lasers and THz lasers; high power and high brightness lasers; short-pulse generation, mode locking; functional applications: switching, clock recovery, signal processing; semiconductor lasers in integrated photonic circuits; nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor lasers: optical feedback, coupled lasers, optical injection, spatial and temporal instabilities, synchronization, multimode dynamics, chaos.

CC - Terahertz Sources and Applications
Chair: Jérôme Faist, ETH - Institute for Quantum Electronics, Zürich, Switzerland

Sources for generating terahertz (far- infrared) radiation in the approximate range from 200 GHz to 10 THz. These sources can be based on various physical principles, including ultrafast time-domain systems, direct generation using terahertz lasers, and sources based on nonlinear optical mixing; applications using terahertz radiation for sensing, spectroscopy and imaging; advances in terahertz communications; new terahertz measurement techniques and instrumentation, including advances in imaging configurations, detector technologies, and terahertz optical components and waveguides; and terahertz optical measurements using surface plasmons, near-field effects, photonic crystals and metamaterials, and nonlinear optics; and terahertz imaging and modeling of plumes, turbulent air, or gaseous flows.

CD - Applications of Nonlinear Optics
Chair: Ulf Peschel, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany

Novel applications of nonlinear optical phenomena and new devices; nonlinear frequency conversion for the UV, visible and IR; telecommunications applications and all-optical switching; all-optical delay lines and slow light; optical parametric devices such as optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators; nonlinear optics in waveguides and fibres, including photonic crystal structures and microstructured optical fibres; quasi-phasematched materials and devices; novel nonlinear materials and structures; stimulated scattering processes and devices; optical solitons and their applications; optical limiting; spatial and spatio-temporal nonlinear processes including filamentation; electro-optic and Kerr devices in crystals and semiconductors; Raman based devices including amplifiers and lasers; nonlinear probing of surfaces; multi-photon imaging and coherent Raman microscopy.

CE - Optical Materials, Fabrication and Characterization
Chair: Stefan Kück, Physikalisch- Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany

Fabrication of optical materials; new crystalline and glass laser materials in bulk, fiber and waveguide geometry; micro- and nano-fabrication and -engineering techniques; optical characterisation of laser and nonlinear materials, micro-structured fiber and photonic crystal waveguides, micro- and nano-crystalline materials, single defect centres, quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots, nano-tubes and nano-needles, innovative organic materials.

CF/IE - Ultrafast Science and Technology (joint topic area with IQEC 2013)
Chair: Giulio Cerullo, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

Femtosecond and picosecond pulse generation from solid state, fiber and waveguide sources; mode-locked and Q-switched lasers; few-cycle optical pulses; ultrashort-pulse semiconductor lasers and devices; ultrafast parametric and nonlinear optical conversion; ultrashort-pulse mid-IR and THz radiation; pulse compression; super-continuum generation; dispersion compensation; ultrafast electro-optics; pulse-shaping; carrier-envelope effects; ultrafast characterization methods and measurement techniques, ultrafast optoelectronic systems and devices; applications of ultrafast technology, femtosecond pulse filamentation and applications. This topical area will also feature papers on fundamentals of ultrafast nonlinear processes and ultrafast spectroscopy in physics, chemistry, and biology; coherent control using femtosecond pulses; ultrafast microscopic techniques; electro-optic sampling; femtochemistry; ultrafast x-ray experiments and attosecond phenomena.

CG - High-field Laser Physics and Attosecond Technologies
Chair: Matthias Kling, Max Planck Institute, Garching, Germany

Laser and parametric chirped-pulse amplification; generation, compression, carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stabilization and characterization of Petawatt pulses; CEP and light waveform synthesis metrology; strong field ionization and attosecond XUV/x-ray pulse generation; generation of high brightness attosecond pulses; probing of non-linear and ultrafast dynamics by intense free-electron laser pulses; optimal control of ultrafast non-linear processes; time-resolved Auger spectroscopy, XUV/soft x-ray spectroscopy, interferometry and microscopy; time-resolved Coulomb explosion imaging; strongly coupled electron-nuclear dynamics in molecules; attosecond and femtosecond electron diffraction imaging of molecular structures; dynamics in fixed-in-space molecules; ultrafast electron dynamics in bulk media, nanostructures and quantum-confined structures; probing of surface electron dynamics and physiochemical processes via time-resolved UPS/soft XPS; time-resolved XAS, XANES & EXAFS; femtosecond-laser-produced plasmas; relativistic nonlinear optics; laser-driven particle acceleration.

CH - Optical Sensing and Metrology
Chair: Tomas Nasilowski, Military University of Technology (MUT), Warsaw, Poland

Optical sensing and metrology allow for inspection of a wide range of objects, from the macroscopic to the nanometric scale. This topic area focuses on recent progress in all aspects of optical sensing and metrology, particularly in new photonic sensor technologies and applications. Papers are solicited on the following and related topics: new trends in optical remote sensing; fiber sensors using conventional and photonic crystal fibers; active multispectral and hyperspectral imaging; sensor multiplexing; novel spectroscopic techniques, applications and systems; optical precision metrology; novel measurement methods and devices based on interferometry; holography; diffractometry or scatterometry; critical dimension metrology; virtual metrology; multiscale surface metrology; UV and DUV microscopy; resolution enhancement technologies in microscopy; inverse problems; adaptive optics; phase retrieval.

CI - Optical Technologies for Communications and Data Storage
Chair: Stefan Wabnitz, Università di Brescia, Brescia, Italy

Fibre devices including dispersion compensating and nonlinear fibres, fibre propagation and polarization effects, fibre amplifiers and fibre lasers, fibre gratings and fibre grating-based devices; semiconductor devices for generation, processing and detection of optical signals including laser sources, detectors and modulators, performance monitoring devices, switches, picosecond and femtosecond pulse sources; optical components for enabling WDM and OTDM systems including filtering and switching devices; digital signal processing and coding techniques; communication and access networks; optical sub-systems including clock recovery techniques, packet/burst switching subsystems, advanced modulation formats, subcarrier-multiplexing, receivers for coherent detection, radio-over-fiber and microwave photonic technologies, optical regeneration, switching and frequency conversion; optics in storage area networks, optical delays and buffering, holographic and 3D optical data storage, near-field recording and super-resolution, photorefractives.

CJ - Fibre and Guided Wave Lasers and Amplifiers
Chair: Thomas Schreiber, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF, Jena, Germany

Waveguide and fibre laser oscillator and amplifiers including novel waveguide and fibre geometries; power scaling of waveguide and fibre lasers - including beam combination techniques (for both pump and signal beams) and new waveguide coupling approaches; upconversion lasers; nonlinear effects in waveguides and fibres - including nonlinear frequency conversion and pulse generation and compression; advances in fibre waveguide materials; fabrication techniques for doped waveguide and fibre devices; active microstructured fibre and waveguide laser devices; novel waveguide and fibre sources for industrial applications.

CK - Micro- and Nano-Photonics
Chair: Valerio Pruneri, ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences and ICREA, Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain

The intensive research nowadays being carried out in the area of nanostructured materials for photonic applications has branched in many directions but keeps a common goal. This is learning and profiting from the novel phenomena occurring when light is created, transported and detected in environments where either dimensionality or size are reduced and, in particular, when light-matter interaction occurs in regions smaller than or similar to the wavelength of light. This trend has earned the term nanophotonics. Such a vast field includes but is not restricted to periodic or quasi-periodic nanostructures (photonic crystals), plasmonic and metamaterial devices; integrated optics; optical MEMS; materials aspects and fabrication techniques, including inorganic/organic nano-layers/wires, nanocrystals in periodic structures and single molecules; issues related to order/disorder in nanostructured materials; and applications tending to the integration into photonic devices for biology, lighting, communication, sensing and energy efficiency.

CL - Biophotonics and Applications
Chair: Kishan Dholakia, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom

This topic area addresses emerging concepts in biophotonics: single particle/molecule detection and tracking; spatio-temporal manipulation of light fields for biomedicine; enhanced linear and non linear excitation and detection; micro-fluidics, optofluidics and micro-optics; new optical probes for local measurements – including organic and inorganic nanoparticles, electric fields and temperature measurements; New routes and modalities for optical detection in biophotonics: non linear processes; spectroscopy; holography, adaptive optics, phase conjugation time reversal etc; physics of optical phenomena in biological media: scattering; coherence; polarization; symmetry and invariance. Advanced light sources and geometries for microscopy, phototherapy, surgery, biomedicine etc.

CM - Materials Processing with Lasers
Chair: Boris Chichkov, Laser Zentrum Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Fundamentals of laser-materials interactions: phase transformation, chemical reactions, diffusion processes, ablation; analytical and numerical mathematical modelling; high-power laser-materials processing: welding, cutting, surface treatment; laser ablation; thin-film growth: PLD, LCVD; direct write techniques: MAPLE, LIFT, near-field techniques; 2D and 3D micro/nano structuring; plasma related processes; laser assisted nanosynthesis; fundamentals and applications of femtosecond micromaching; ultrafast laser processing: volume modification, index engineering; laser-assisted manufacturing.



IQEC 2013 Topic Descriptions


IA - Quantum Optics
Chair: Axel Kuhn, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

This topical area will feature papers on multimode and mesoscopic quantum optics; single photon emission and absorption; quantum light sources and applications;  nonlocality and quantum interference; squeezing and entanglement; quantum correlations and measurement; quantum optics in circuits and cavities; quantum coherence; slow light and quantum memories;  quantum imaging and quantum lithography.

IB - Quantum Information, Communication, and Simulation
Chair: Christine Silberhorn, Universität Paderborn, Germany

This topical area will highlight recent innovations in all areas of the field, from algorithm and protocol development to experimental implementations of quantum computers and quantum communication systems. Of especial interest are results in quantum simulations, quantum key distribution, quantum logic gates, entanglement distribution and distillation, conversion of information between static and flying qubits, and quantum memories. In addition, novel platforms, devices and materials for quantum information processing, such as integrated devices, nano-mechanics, ion-trap arrays, superconducting structures, quantum dots and cavity QED based quantum gates will be covered.

IC - Ultracold Quantum Matter
Chair: Giovanni Modugno, LENS / Department of Physics, University of Florence, Italy

This topical area will feature papers on recent developments in few- and many-body phenomena with ultracold quantum gases of atoms and molecules. These will include: quantum simulation of strongly correlated systems with artificial gauge fields, frustration, disorder and impurities; out-of-equilibrium many-body phenomena; superfluidity and thermodynamics in Bose and Fermi systems; dipolar physics with atoms and molecules; Efimov physics; quantum atom interferometry; controllable multiparticle entanglement; hybrid systems.

ID  – Precision Metrology and Frequency Combs
Chair: Ekkehard Peik, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) Braunschweig, Germany

This topical area will deal with the ultimate limitations of measurement precision as imposed by the nature of quanta. It will feature papers on precision interferometry and spectroscopy, novel methods of laser spectroscopy, tests of fundamental symmetries, quantum metrology, definition of basic units, and the constancy of fundamental constants.

IE/CF - Ultrafast Science and Technology (joint topic area with CLEO
®/Europe 2013)
Chair: Giulio Cerullo, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

Femtosecond and picosecond pulse generation from solid state, fiber and waveguide sources; mode-locked and Q-switched lasers; few-cycle optical pulses; ultrashort-pulse semiconductor lasers and devices; ultrafast parametric and nonlinear optical conversion; ultrashort-pulse mid-IR and THz radiation; pulse compression; super-continuum generation; dispersion compensation; ultrafast electro-optics; pulse-shaping; carrier-envelope effects; ultrafast characterization methods and measurement techniques, ultrafast optoelectronic systems and devices; applications of ultrafast technology, femtosecond pulse filamentation and applications. This topical area will also feature papers on fundamentals of ultrafast nonlinear processes and ultrafast spectroscopy in physics, chemistry, and biology; coherent control using femtosecond pulses; ultrafast microscopic techniques; electro-optic sampling; femtochemistry; ultrafast x-ray experiments and attosecond phenomena.

IF - Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics
Chair: Sophie Brasselet, Fresnel Institute, Marseille, France
This topical area will feature papers on nonlinear optical phenomena including frequency conversion, wave mixing, parametric processes, electromagnetic induced transparency, lasing without inversion, slow light and dark states, temporal and spatial solitons, novel nonlinear optical materials and nano-structures, nonlinear optical fibers, media with extreme nonlinear properties, nonlinear imaging, nonlinear manipulation and characterization of short pulses.

IG – Dynamics, Solitons and Self-organization
Chair: Thorsten Ackemann,
University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

This topical area features papers on the formation of self-organized spatio-temporal structures in optical systems.  Topics include a large variety of phenomena such as nonlinear dynamics, pattern formation and dissipative solitons, beam filamentation, instabilities, synchronization, complex behaviour, and extreme events. Applications of these phenomena in, for example, information processing, chaos control and optical communication are also considered.  Systems of interest encompass single active or passive photonic devices as well as coupled systems and networks, including novel optical systems such as polariton condensates, quantum dot lasers, microlasers, photonic crystal microcavities, optomechanical systems.

IH – Light-matter Interactions at the Nano-scale
Chair: Jean-Jacques Greffet, Institut d’Optique, Palaiseau, France

This topical area will feature papers on all the aspects of light-matter interaction at the nanoscale including single photon emitters (quantum dots, NV centers) and related physics (nanoantennas, microcavities), strong coupling, non-linear optics at the nanoscale, photovoltaics, sources and detectors at the nanoscale, optical forces (optical tweezers at nanoscale, Casimir and Casimir-Polder forces) and radiative heat transfer at the nanoscale.

II – Plasmonics and Metamaterials
Chair: Stefan Maier, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

This topical area will feature papers on metal nanophotonics, including nanoantennas, plasmonic cavities and waveguides, ranging from fundamental designs and proof-of-concept studies to application-oriented work. Another thrust are metamaterials, ranging from implementations at optical frequencies to work in the THz and RF regimes. We particularly welcome papers on active plasmonics and metamaterials, systems with gain, hybrid materials assemblies, nonlinear metamaterials, and three-dimensional structures.




JSI - Joint Symposium on Nuclear Photonics
Co-chairs: Franck Gobet, Centre Etudes Nucléaires, Bordeaux, France
                   Ken Ledingham, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

The recent development of high intensity lasers, very brilliant γ or ion beams and coherent x-ray sources opens new perspectives for nuclear physics studies in extreme conditions. Nuclear properties in presence of a very high electromagnetic field or the study of nuclear reaction, excitation, deexcitation rates in hot and dense plasmas are new domains of investigation. They are of prime importance in particular for the population of isomeric states and element synthesis in astrophysics, and for the issue of energy storage in nuclei. The aim of this symposium is to bring together theorists and experimentalists from different related areas such as direct laser-driven interactions, half-life modifications in plasmas, atomic effects in nuclear excitation and decay, UHI-driven particle sources and coherent X-ray sources.

Topic include:
-    Nuclear physics in laser induced plasma (excitation processes in plasma, effect of high temperatures on astrophysics, effect of high temperatures on transmutation)
-    Nuclear physics in laser fields ( laser-driven excitations and review of nuclear experiments which can be carried out at XFEL)
-    Nuclear physics with monoenergetic g-beams (review of experiments which can be carried out at Compton backscattering facilities)
-    Techniques and facilities of UHI-driven particle beams, brilliant monoenergetic g-beams, coherent X-ray sources for nuclear physics.
-    NEET and NEEC and the inverse processes with possible applications to gamma ray lasers.

JSII - Joint Symposium on Photonics for Defence and Security
Co-chairs: Eric Lallier, Thales Research and Technology, Palaiseau, France
                 Jerry Meyer, Naval Research Labs, USA
                 Joachim Wagner, Fraunhofer  IAF, Freiburg, Germany

Today, worldwide security is significantly affected by the increasing globalization and the emergence of new military and non-military threats. Low-intensity conflicts, asymmetric warfare, peace keeping missions in urban theaters, border security, and the continued rise in terrorism. All this has created a need for new and innovative technical solutions where photonics are playing, and will continue to play, a key role. Optical sensing is now extending from the UV, through the visible and the infrared, into the terahertz frequency range, offering novel imaging systems with increased discrimination capabilities, and spectroscopic techniques that can help characterize suspicious materials. Laser systems have evolved which enable three-dimensional imaging, directed infrared countermeasures, and other new defense concepts. This symposium will focus on novel and improved techniques and applications of photonics for security and defence. It aims at bringing together engineers and scientists from academia, industry and government from around the world to exchange results and ideas in this field.

Topics include:
Active imaging, range gated flash imaging systems and applications, three dimensional imaging, hyper spectral, multispectral and polarimetric imaging.  Automated target detection and identification. Enabling laser and focal plane arrays technologies.

Light detection and ranging, incoherent and coherent LIDAR, laser velocimetry, vibrometry and profilometry. Obstacle detection and landing aid applications. 3D scanning. LIDAR-RADAR concepts, i.e., RF modulated waveforms. Enabling technologies, such as eye-safe fiber laser with arbitrary waveforms capability, novel semiconductor lasers, advanced detectors, and non-mechanical beam steering.

Spectroscopic techniques for sensing biological and chemical species, including time resolved fluorescence, absorption, Raman, and LIBS spectroscopy. Detection and imaging of illegal substances, and in vapor phase, in liquids, and as solid traces. Hidden objects detection. Stand-off detection of improvised explosive devices and antipersonnel mines. Dedicated laser and detector technologies from the UV to the THz range.

Directed energy applications such as infrared countermeasures and laser weapon concepts. Infrared laser sources incl. high power solid-state and fiber lasers developments. Incoherent and coherent beam combining concepts. Propagation and turbulences effects mitigation. Beam directors and adaptive optics. Femtosecond lasers and associated effects, e.g., filamentation and remote plasma generation.

JSIII - Joint Symposium on Dynamics of Random Waves and Extreme Events
Co-chairs: Goëry Genty, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland
                   Stefan Skupin, Max Planck Dresden, Germany

There has been significant recent development in the observation and understanding of random waves and extreme event dynamics. However, the range of topical areas covering this field is extremely broad, from meteorology over optics to ultracold matter. The aim of this symposium is to present the recent progress in this field by bringing together experts from different areas such as dynamics of linear and nonlinear random waves, random surface waves, optical turbulences, instabilities in lasers cavities, pattern formation in liquid crystals, temporal extreme events in optical fibers and waveguides, as well as spatial extreme events in bulk media or rogue waves in Bose-Einstein condensates.

JSIV - Joint Symposium on Quantum Coherent Effects in Biology
Co-chairs: Philipp Kukura, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Marcus Motzkus, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

This topical area will deal with the existence and potential importance of quantum coherence in biological processes. It will include: vibrational and electronic coherence in ultrafast light-activated processes; spin effects on magnetosensitivity; ultra-high time-resolution transient absorption and ultrafast multidimensional spectroscopy; theoretical predictions on the importance of quantum coherence in biology.

JSV - Joint Symposium on Superconducting Optics
Co-Chairs: Franco Nori, RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Saitama, Japan

                   Robert Hadfield, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

This joint symposium highlights the growing role of superconducting materials and circuits in quantum optics.  It will focus on the development of quantum circuits based on superconducting materials.  These circuits provide an ideal playground for exploring atomic physics and quantum optics with microwave photons as well as a scalable blueprint for quantum computing.  The symposium will also explore the wide ranging applications of superconducting detectors in quantum optics and quantum information, highlighting high performance superconducting technologies for infrared single photon detection, and implementations in applications such as quantum key distribution, quantum metrology and quantum information processing.



Precision Processing in Micro to Nano Scale by Ultrafast Lasers
Co-chairs: Michael Schmidt, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany (LIM chair)
                 Boris Chichkov, Laser Zentrum Hannover, Hannover, Germany

The session is jointly organised by the CLEO/Europe (CM committee) and LIM, and will comprise three invited papers.


CLEO®/Europe 2013 Tech Focus Session (jointly held with LIM)

Fibre and Solid-State Lasers - A Comparison from an Industrial Point of View

Michael Schmidt, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany (LIM chair)
                 Clemens Hönninger, Amplitude Systèmes, Pessac, France (CLEO chair)

This session will comprise two sessions (TF1 and TF2) - 6 invited papers

Sponsored and organised by

European Physical Society
European Physical Society

IEEE Photonics

Optical Society of America

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